MAYFLOWERThe Mayflower was a typical English merchant ship of the early 17th century. In July 1620 she set sail from England carrying Puritans and Separatists now known as the "Pilgrim Fathers" to start a new life in the New World (America) and founded a colony at Plymouth Massachusetts
"São Martinho"Spanish Galleon, flagship of the Spanish Armada. The São Martinho (Saint Martin) armed with 48 heavy guns, was built as a Portuguese Navy galleon. Became the flagship of the Duke of Medina Sidonia, the Spanish Commander in chief during the Spanish Armada of 1588.
"HMS Bellona"British Royal Navy Ship 74 gun, third rate wooden Ship of the line was built at Chatham in 1760.She served in the Royal Navy for 50 years, seeing action in the Seven Years War, American Revolutionary War and the Napoleonic Wars, especially the Battle of Copenhagen in 1801.
The Sovereign of the Seas, 1637Sovereign of the Seas was a 17th-century warship of the English Navy. She was ordered as a 90-gun first-rate ship but at launch, was armed with 102 bronze guns at the insistence of the king. Served from 1638 until 1697, when a fire burned the ship to the waterline at Chatham.
"The Niña"The Niña, like the Pinta and Santa María, was a smaller trade ship built to sail the Mediterranean sea, not the open ocean. The Nina was "about 60 toneladas" (60 tons), which may indicate a medium-sized caravel of around 50 feet (15 m) in length on deck.